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Located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, Lebanon is one of the oldest country in the world. Despite its small size, Lebanon hold a diversity of historical monuments that are worth to explore. Here are 10 interesting facts about Lebanon.
Byblos the oldest living city in the world is also where the Phoenician invented the alphabet that is made of 22 characters.
Beirut, the capital city of Lebanon was ruined and built all over again seven times. Therefore, the capital is known for its extremely old and rich history. Nowadays modern Beirut is ranked number 10th shopping destination in the world.
Lebanon is the only Arab country that has no desert. Lebanon do not have indigenous camels.
Lebanon was occupied by over 16 countries and has around 18 religions.
Tourist can visit the sea whether in Beirut, Jounieh, Tyre or Byblos and still explore the mountains such as Chouf, and Mount Lebanon all in one day during spring season. Means tourists can take a swim in the sea and go skiing in the Cedars of God at all in one day.
The Bekaa Valley is rich in archeological sites and is one of the most beautiful green landscapes in Lebanon.
Due to its old and busy history Lebanon carry a significant number or castles and historical monuments that are spread all over the country.
Lebanon physical geography is complicated, it combines rivers, landscapes, soils, vegetation, mountains, valleys and so much more. Despite being a small country 10452km2 Lebanon is divided into eight governorates (Mouhafazat).
Starting with the capital Beirut, Mount Lebanon, North Lebanon, South Lebanon, Nabatieh, Bekaa, Baalbek-Hermel and Akkar. Each has a governor called in Arabic (mouhafez) and then divided into districts.
Lebanon consist of narrow coastal plain bordering huge mountain range. It is separated in two range of mountain called (Al Jibal Al Gharbiya and Al Jibal Al Charkiya). The country is famous for its valleys the one in the Bekaa area is the biggest, rivers such as Litany river, Nahr Ibrahim river, Damour, Hasbani Zahrani, Asi, Kadisha and so much more.
Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate. Days in summer are long hot and dry and full of humidity, in winter, days are much shorter, cool and rainy. About 70% of the rainfalls are between November and March. Mainly summer time is rain-less unless some exceptions. It is somehow an ideal weather, cool in winter and hot in summer. The perfect weather to experience the real feeling of hot and summer in the right time of the season.
The Lebanese culture is emerged from various previous culture and civilizations that ruled Lebanon during decades. From the Phoenicians, Roman, Assyrians and Ottoman and the most recent the French.
What makes Lebanon so unique is the diversity of everything that constitute it. The food culture is one of the tastiest in the middle east. The music, the folklore outfit, the Lebanese language which is Arabic, then comes the French language and the English. The tourism side of the country plays a crucial role in putting Lebanon on the top list of the most interesting and rich country in culture to visit.
Lebanon is known for its architectural sites, art, literature, poetry, songs, media, cinema fashion and so much more. The famous Gebran Khalil Gebran, Fairouz, Al Rahbani Family, Sabah, Wadih Al Safi, are names that engraved the Lebanese culture as much as the international world for its songs, poetry and extravagant creativity and art.
Lebanon carry a wide diversification of culture at all levels and is known for its friendly people and great hospitality. What you discover in Lebanon you might not discover it in the biggest and most famous countries.
Baalbek and Al Bustan, Byblos and Beit El Din festivals are hosted at historical sites mainly during summer, they host local and international artists, along with other local festival such as Batroun, Broumana and Tyre….
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