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• Lebanon was known as the ‘land of milk and honey’. The ‘milk’ came from the snow-covered mountain peaks; the ‘honey’ from the fragrant woods. • Lebanon was mentioned 71 times in the Holy Bible. • King Solomon used only the finest materials in the world to build God's temple in Jerusalem--including the "Cedars of Lebanon." This country of cedars has always served as an important East-West bridge, connecting Europe, Africa, and Asia. • The Phoenicians invented the alphabet at that time it was made of 22 characters.
The name of Lebanon (Loubnan), which comes originally from Aramaic and designates "White", is the name of its mountain. Mount Lebanon differs from the neighboring countries in its aspect, its climate, its rain-fall, its vegetation, and its 3000 m peaks that are continually covered with snow.Lebanon lies at the center of the gulf that runs between the Oriental Mediterranean Sea and Turkey and Egypt. This small country does not exceed 10452 Km2, its length is about 250 km and its width varies from 40 to 70 km. Syria limits Lebanon from the North and the East, and Israel (Palestine) from the South. One range of mountains (Mount Lebanon) dominates a narrow alluvial coastal plain. At the East, another arid and dry range of mountains lies parallel to the first moutain chain (Anti-Lebanon and Mount Hermon); the two ranges embrace the high plateau of the "Bekaa".
Lebanon's rich history has been shaped by many cultural traditions, including Phoenician, Greek, Roman, Islamic, Crusader, Ottoman Turkish, French, and recently American. The resulting culture is distinctively Lebanese, a combination of East and West, past and present Folk music and dancing have a long tradition and are very popular. Influential Lebanese writers emerged in the early 20th century and greatly influenced the Arabic language. Painters, sculptors, and performers and producers in theater, film, and television have recently distinguished themselves.
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